Construction & Civil Engineering

Construction & Civil Engineering

1 The development of construction projects requires the involvement of a great variety of professionals in the planning and management of the works, as well as plenty of workers carrying out numerous tasks and work plans. Currently construction projects face a series of cuts in terms of project completion periods, occupational risk prevention and precision of the different tasks, together with an increase of the complexity and scale of these tasks. It is required to make the finished construction works available in shorter periods, in more reliable processes and with resulting products of better quality, performance and architectural expression. The supervision and inspection of the works are essential tasks to ensure the adequate development of the building project and compliance with the relevant requirements.

2 Involving professionals on the site and regular visitors from different organizations and interests, who carry out regular and occasional tasks to take the necessary precautions in the execution and reduce unexpected events that can result in delays, modifications and significant expenses (usually up to 5% of the total estimate of the work). The most relevant revisions tend to be occasional, although they require specialists and managers from different areas that must directly analyze situations in complex places of the work under construction.

For all the above-mentioned reasons, the use of resources that facilitate the distance, mobile and accessible look-up of information would allow to arrange and supervise such events more promptly.

3 EKOFASTBA has developed autonomous aerial vehicles that can incorporate electronic control and visual record, thus offering the possibility to apply them to those work-inspection tasks with the adequate task-programming and configurations for those jobs. EKOFASTBA’s drones coordinate themselves in an intelligent way with several BIM (Building Information Modelling) platforms in such a way that information is retrieved from and fed into these platforms.

4 EKOFASTBA has managed to develop an innovative application of robotic technology, with great implementation potential and significant influence on the construction of buildings, as well as on workplace health and safety, productivity and architectural quality.

In EKOFASTBA we establish an original link between new aerial movement technologies (drones) and advanced Building Information Models (BIM) which enable the solution of important problems in today’s construction industry.

Inspection mainly focused on checking the interior of pipes and tunnels, carried out through tridimensional navigation mechanisms using basic geographic information (dimensions and direction of the pipes, as well as rotations), but with a complex interaction with environmental conditions monitored on their trajectory, since these tasks involve extensive itineraries through uncertain environments (unattended for long periods)
Real-time update of the BIM to spot differences between the BIM and the results in the actual process. Development of 4D (3D + time) models with the aim of feeding the 4D BIM
Monitoring and inspection of the development along the time of buildings in process and 4D models
Visual inspection of buildings constructed with the help of microcontrollers and processing of images of occasional structural faults
Support to workplace health and safety in the construction of buildings, with mobile phone programming during the carrying out of tasks and distance interactive visual control
Safety monitoring and inspection of roads and civil works